Dorsal closure in Drosophila: cells cannot get out of the tight spot


  • Carl-Philipp Heisenberg

    Corresponding author
    1. Max-Planck-Institute of Molecular Cell Biology and Genetics, Dresden, Germany
    • Max-Planck-Institute of Molecular Cell Biology and Genetics, Pfotenhauerstr.108, 01307 Dresden, Germany
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Dorsal closure (DC), the closure of a hole in the dorsal epidermis of Drosophila embryos by the joining of opposing epithelial cell sheets, has been used as a model process to study the molecular and cellular mechanisms underlying epithelial spreading and wound healing. Recent studies have provided novel insights into how different tissues function cooperatively in this process. Specifically, they demonstrate a critical function of the epidermis surrounding the hole in modulating the behavior of the amnioserosa cells inside. These findings shed light not only on the mechanisms by which the behavior of different tissues is coordinated during DC, but also on the general mechanisms by which tissues interact to trigger global morphogenesis, an essential but yet poorly explored aspect of embryogenesis.