Mechanisms of genomic rearrangements and gene expression changes in plant polyploids
Article first published online: 14 FEB 2006
Copyright © 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Volume 28, Issue 3, pages 240–252, March 2006
How to Cite
Chen, Z. J. and Ni, Z. (2006), Mechanisms of genomic rearrangements and gene expression changes in plant polyploids. Bioessays, 28: 240–252. doi: 10.1002/bies.20374
- Issue published online: 14 FEB 2006
- Article first published online: 14 FEB 2006
- The National Science Foundation Plant Genome Research Program (DBI0077774) and the National Institutes of Health (GM067015) grants to Z. J.C.
Polyploidy is produced by multiplication of a single genome (autopolyploid) or combination of two or more divergent genomes (allopolyploid). The available data obtained from the study of synthetic (newly created or human-made) plant allopolyploids have documented dynamic and stochastic changes in genomic organization and gene expression, including sequence elimination, inter-chromosomal exchanges, cytosine methylation, gene repression, novel activation, genetic dominance, subfunctionalization and transposon activation. The underlying mechanisms for these alterations are poorly understood. To promote a better understanding of genomic and gene expression changes in polyploidy, we briefly review origins and forms of polyploidy and summarize what has been learned from genome-wide gene expression analyses in newly synthesized auto-and allopolyploids. We show transcriptome divergence between the progenitors and in the newly formed allopolyploids. We propose models for transcriptional regulation, chromatin modification and RNA-mediated pathways in establishing locus-specific expression of orthologous and homoeologous genes during allopolyploid formation and evolution. BioEssays 28: 240–252, 2006. © 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.