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Homogeneity test of rate ratios in stratified matched-pair studies

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Abstract

This paper investigates homogeneity test of rate ratios in stratified matched-pair studies on the basis of asymptotic and bootstrap-resampling methods. Based on the efficient score approach, we develop a simple and computationally tractable score test statistic. Several other homogeneity test statistics are also proposed on the basis of the weighted least-squares estimate and logarithmic transformation. Sample size formulae are derived to guarantee a pre-specified power for the proposed tests at the pre-given significance level. Empirical results confirm that (i) the modified score statistic based on the bootstrap-resampling method performs better in the sense that its empirical type I error rate is much closer to the pre-specified nominal level than those of other tests and its power is greater than those of other tests, and is hence recommended, whilst the statistics based on the weighted least-squares estimate and logarithmic transformation are slightly conservative under some of the considered settings; (ii) the derived sample size formulae are rather accurate in the sense that their empirical powers obtained from the estimated sample sizes are very close to the pre-specified nominal powers. A real example is used to illustrate the proposed methodologies.

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