• Asymptotic expansion;
  • Finiteness correction;
  • Missing data;
  • Paired sample

In this paper, we consider mean comparisons for paired samples in which a certain portion of the observations are missing. This type of data commonly arises in medical researches where the outcomes are assessed at two time points after the application of treatments. New methods for statistical inference are proposed by making finiteness correction based on asymptotic expansions of some intuitive statistics. The comparison methods naturally extend to the two-group case after some suitable manipulations. Simulation study is carried out to demonstrate the numerical accuracy of the proposed methods. Data from a smoking-cessation trial are used to illustrate the application of the methods.