Li Ching Ong, Muthu Kumara Gnanasammandhan and Sounderya Nagarajan contributed equally to this work.
Special Feature: Review Article
Upconversion: road to El Dorado of the fluorescence world
Article first published online: 23 JUL 2009
Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Volume 25, Issue 4, pages 290–293, July/August 2010
How to Cite
Ong, L. C., Gnanasammandhan, M. K., Nagarajan, S. and Zhang, Y. (2010), Upconversion: road to El Dorado of the fluorescence world. Luminescence, 25: 290–293. doi: 10.1002/bio.1229
- Issue published online: 23 JUL 2009
- Article first published online: 23 JUL 2009
- Manuscript Accepted: 21 JUN 2010
- Manuscript Revised: 17 JUN 2010
- Manuscript Received: 1 MAY 2010
- biological applications;
Upconversion nanoparticles (UCNs), in the recent times have attracted attention due to their unique properties, which makes them ideal fluorophores for use in biological applications. There have been various reports on their use for targeted cell imaging, drug and gene delivery and also for diffuse optical tomography. Here we give a brief introduction on what are UCNs and the mechanism of upconversion, followed by a discussion on the biological applications of UCNs and further on what the future holds for UCNs. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.