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Keywords:

  • Engineered drug delivery;
  • Particle shape;
  • Particle size

Abstract

Micro- and nanoparticulate drug-delivery systems (DDSs) play a significant role in formulation sciences. Most particulate DDSs are scaffold-free, although some particles are encapsulated inside other biomaterials for controlled release. Despite rapid progress in recent years, challenges still remain in controlling the homogenicity of micro-/nanoparticles, especially for two crucial factors in particulate DDSs: the size and shape of the particles. Recent approaches make use of microfabrication techniques to generate micro-/nanoparticles with highly controllable architectures free of scaffolds. This review presents an overview of a burgeoning field of DDSs, which can potentially overcome some drawbacks of conventional techniques for particle fabrication and offer better control of particulate DDSs.