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Keywords:

  • Biopharmaceuticals;
  • Mammalian cell;
  • Omics;
  • Protein production

Abstract

Mammalian cells are important hosts for the production of a wide range of biopharmaceuticals due to their ability to produce correctly folded and glycosylated proteins. Compared to microbes and yeast, however, the productivity of mammalian cells is low because of their comparatively slow growth rate, tendency to undergo apoptosis, and low production capacities. While much effort has been invested in the engineering of mammalian cells with superior production characteristics, the success of these approaches has been limited to date. One factor responsible for this lack of success is our limited understanding of the cellular basis for high productivity, and of how discrete mechanisms within a cell contribute to the overall phenotype. Aiming to measure and characterize all cellular components at different functional levels, omics technologies have the potential to improve our understanding of mammalian cell physiology, elucidating new targets for the generation of a superior host cell line. This review provides a comprehensive analysis of recent examples of omics studies in the context of mammalian cells as production hosts, highlighting both the challenges and successes in the application of these powerful technologies.