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Global gene expression analysis of Saccharomyces cerevisiae grown under redox potential-controlled very-high-gravity conditions

Authors

  • Chen-Guang Liu,

    1. School of Life Science and Biotechnology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, China
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  • Prof. Yen-Han Lin,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada
    • Prof. Yen-Han Lin, 57 Campus Drive, Saskatoon, SK, S7N 5A9, Canada; Prof. Feng-Wu Bai, 2 Road Linggong, Dalian, Liaoning 116023, China

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  • Prof. Feng-Wu Bai

    Corresponding author
    1. School of Life Science and Biotechnology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, China
    • Prof. Yen-Han Lin, 57 Campus Drive, Saskatoon, SK, S7N 5A9, Canada; Prof. Feng-Wu Bai, 2 Road Linggong, Dalian, Liaoning 116023, China

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Abstract

Redox potential (ORP) plays a pivotal role in yeast viability and ethanol production during very-high-gravity (VHG) ethanol fermentation. In order to identify the correlation between redox potential profiles and gene expression patterns, global gene expression of Saccharomyces cerevisiae was investigated. Results indicated that significant changes in gene expression occurred at the periods of 0 - 6 h and 30 - 36 h, respectively. Changes noted in the period of 0 - 6 h were mainly related to carbohydrate metabolism. In contrast, gene expression variation at 30 - 36 h could be attributed primarily to stress response. Although CDC19 was down-regulated, expression of PYK2, PDC6 and ADH2 correlated inversely with ORP. Meanwhile, expression of GPD1 decreased due to the depletion of dissolved oxygen in the fermentation broth, but expression of GPD2 correlated with ORP. Transcription of genes encoding heat shock proteins was characterized by uphill, downhill, valley and plateau expression profiles, accordingly to specific function in stress response. These results highlight the role of ORP in modulating yeast physiology and metabolism under VHG conditions.

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