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Elastin-like polypeptides: Biomedical applications of tunable biopolymers

Authors

  • Sarah R. MacEwan,

    1. Department of Biomedical Engineering, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708
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  • Ashutosh Chilkoti

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Biomedical Engineering, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708
    2. Center for Biologically Inspired Materials and Material Systems, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708
    • Department of Biomedical Engineering, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708
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Abstract

Artificial repetitive polypeptides have grown in popularity as a bioinspired alternative to synthetic polymers. The genetically encoded synthesis, monodispersity, potential lack of toxicity, and biocompatibility are attractive features of these biopolymers for biological applications. Elastin-like polypeptides (ELPs) are one such class of biopolymers that are of particular interest because of their “smart”—stimuli responsive—properties. Herein, we discuss the genetically encoded design and recombinant synthesis of ELPs that enable precise control of their physicochemical properties and which have led to a wide range of biomedical applications of these biopolymers in the last decade. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Biopolymers (Pept Sci) 94:60–77, 2010.

This article was originally published online as an accepted preprint. The “Published Online” date corresponds to the preprint version. You can request a copy of the preprint by emailing the Biopolymers editorial office at biopolymers@wiley.com

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