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A systematic approach to document cyclotide distribution in plant species from genomic, transcriptomic, and peptidomic analysis


  • This article was originally published online as an accepted preprint. The “Published Online” date corresponds to the preprint version. You can request a copy of the preprint by emailing the Biopolymers editorial office at


Cyclotides are a large family of plant peptides characterized by their cyclic cystine knot composed of a circular backbone and three disulfide bonds that impart exceptional stability. They, and several acyclic variants, have been isolated from plants within the Rubiaceae, Violaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Fabaceae, Solanaceae, and Poaceae families. A variety of chemical and genetic approaches have been applied for the discovery and characterization of cyclotides. As investigations of cyclotide expression, distribution, and phylogeny rapidly increase, the authors have proposed the inclusion of information pertaining to plant species that have been analyzed but do not appear to express cyclotides into the CyBase database. CyBase is dedicated to providing web tools and information about cyclic peptides and proteins to the scientific community. Including detailed information about sampling and analysis parameters of plant species that have been investigated but not published elsewhere should assist in the process of selecting species for establishing new cyclotide discovery projects, as well as for detailed reanalysis using alternative technical approaches. In summary, the collection and deposition of all plant species that have been examined (whether cyclotides have been found or not) would help to impart a deeper understanding of cyclotide discovery, evolution, and physiological function. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Biopolymers (Pept Sci) 100: 433–437, 2013.