Dendrimers are synthetic macromolecules with a unique structure that are potential unimolecular drug carriers and potential scaffolds for peptides. Elastin is one of the main components of the extracellular matrix, as well as a temperature-sensitive biomacromolecule. Val-Pro-Gly-Val-Gly repeats, an elastin-like peptide, have been used for designing artificial elastin molecules. In this study, we have synthesized a novel type of temperature-dependent drug carrier by conjugating Ac-Val-Pro-Gly-Val-Gly to a dendrimer, named elastin-mimetic dendrimer. The elastin-mimetic dendrimer formed β-turn structure by heating. The elastin-mimetic dendrimer exhibited the inverse phase transition, depending on pH and NaCl concentration in addition to temperature. The elastin-mimetic dendrimer could encapsulate a model drug, rose bengal, even though the complex stability was similar to the dendrimer without elastin-like peptide. Therefore, the elastin-mimetic dendrimer is a potential drug carrier with temperature- and pH-dependent properties. (134 words) © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Biopolymers (Pept Sci) 100: 714–721, 2013.
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