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Keywords:

  • gelatinase A;
  • MMP-2;
  • molecular dynamics simulation;
  • protein–protein interaction;
  • hemopexin domain

ABSTRACT

Although several models have been proposed for the interaction of collagen with gelatinase-A (matrix metalloproteinases-2 (MMP-2)), the extensive role of each domain of gelatinase A in hydrolyzing the collagens with and without interruptions is still elusive. Molecular docking, molecular dynamics (MD) simulation, normal mode analysis (NMA) and framework rigidity optimized dynamics algorithm (FRODAN) based analysis were carried out to understand the function of various domains of MMP-2 upon interaction with collagen like peptides. The results reveal that the collagen binding domain (CBD) binds to the C-terminal of collagen like peptide with interruption. CBD helps in unwinding the loosely packed interrupted region of triple helical structure to a greater extent. It can be possible to speculate that the role of hemopexin (HPX) domain is to prevent further unwinding of collagen like peptide by binding to the other end of the collagen like peptide. The catalytic (CAT) domain then reorients itself to interact with the part of the unwound region of collagen like peptide for further hydrolysis. In conclusion the CBD of MMP-2 recognizes the collagen and aids in unwinding the collagen like peptide with interruptions, and the HPX domain of MMP-2 binds to the other end of the collagen allowing CAT domain to access the cleavage site. This study provides a comprehensive understanding of the structural basis of collagenolysis by MMP-2. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Biopolymers 101: 779–794, 2014.