The x-ray diffraction analyses of three N- and C-terminally blocked L, D dipeptides, namely t-Boc-D-Leu-L-Leu-OMe (1), t-Boc-L-Ile-D-alle-OMe (2), and t-Boc-D-aIle-L-Ile-OMe (3) containing enantiomeric or diastereomeric amino acid residues have been carried out. The structures were determined by direct methods and refined anisotropically to final R factors of 0.077. 0.058. and 0.072 for (1) (2) and (3), respectively.
Peptides 1–3 all assume a similar U-shaped structure with ϕ and ψ torsion angles cosrresponding to one of the possible calculated minimum energy regions (regions E and G for L residues, and F*. D* and H* for D residues). The peptide backbones of 1-3 are almost super-imposable [provided that the appropriate inversion of the chiral centers of (2) is made].
Side-chain conformations of Leu residues in peptide (1) are g− (tg−) for the L-Leu residue and the mirrored g+ (tg+) for the D-Leu residue; however, in peptides (2) and (3) the conformations of the isoconfiguralional side chains of the Ile or allo-Ile residues are (g−t) t and (tg+) tfor the L-Ile and the D-allo-Ile moieties, respectively. In all cases, these conformations correspond to the more populated conformers of β-branched residues statistically found in crystal structures of small peptides.
The results seem to indicate that, at least in short peptides with enantiomeric or diastereoisomeric residues, the change in chirality in the main-chain atoms perturbs the backbone conformation to a lesser extent and the side chain conformation to a greater extent. © 1995 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.