Expression of GnTIII in a recombinant anti-CD20 CHO production cell line: Expression of antibodies with altered glycoforms leads to an increase in ADCC through higher affinity for FCγRIII
Article first published online: 6 JUN 2001
Copyright © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Volume 74, Issue 4, pages 288–294, 20 August 2001
How to Cite
Davies, J., Jiang, L., Pan, L.-Z., LaBarre, M. J., Anderson, D. and Reff, M. (2001), Expression of GnTIII in a recombinant anti-CD20 CHO production cell line: Expression of antibodies with altered glycoforms leads to an increase in ADCC through higher affinity for FCγRIII. Biotechnol. Bioeng., 74: 288–294. doi: 10.1002/bit.1119
- Issue published online: 6 JUN 2001
- Article first published online: 6 JUN 2001
- Manuscript Accepted: 18 FEB 2001
- Manuscript Received: 26 OCT 2000
- production Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell line;
- glycosylation engineering;
The gene encoding the rat glycosylation enzyme β1–4-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase III (GnTIII) was cloned and coexpressed in a recombinant production Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell line expressing a chimeric mouse/human anti-CD20 IgG1 antibody. The new cell lines expressed high levels of antibody and have growth kinetics similar to that of the parent. Relative QPCR showed the cell lines to express varying levels of mRNA. High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis showed the enzyme to have added bisecting N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) residues in most (48% to 71%) of the N-linked oligosaccharides isolated from antibody preparations purified from the cell lines. In an ADCC assay the new antibody preparations promoted killing of CD20-positive target cells at approximately 10- to 20-fold lower concentrations than the parent. This activity was blocked using an anti-FcγRIII antibody, supporting the role of FcγRIII binding in this increase. In addition, cell binding assays showed the modified antibody bound better to FcγRIII-expressing cells. The increase in ADCC activity is therefore likely due to an increased affinity of the modified antibody for the FcγRIII receptor. © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Biotechnol Bioeng 74: 288–294, 2001.