Transient expression in tobacco leaves of an aglycosylated recombinant antibody against the epidermal growth factor receptor

Authors

  • Meilyn Rodríguez,

    1. Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (CIGB), P.O. Box 6162, Havana 10600, Cuba; telephone: + 53-7 271 6644; fax: + 53-7 273 1779
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  • Nadia I. Ramírez,

    Corresponding author
    1. Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (CIGB), P.O. Box 6162, Havana 10600, Cuba; telephone: + 53-7 271 6644; fax: + 53-7 273 1779
    • Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (CIGB), P.O. Box 6162, Havana 10600, Cuba; telephone: + 53-7 271 6644; fax: + 53-7 273 1779
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  • Marta Ayala,

    1. Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (CIGB), P.O. Box 6162, Havana 10600, Cuba; telephone: + 53-7 271 6644; fax: + 53-7 273 1779
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  • Freya Freyre,

    1. Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (CIGB), P.O. Box 6162, Havana 10600, Cuba; telephone: + 53-7 271 6644; fax: + 53-7 273 1779
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  • Lincidio Pérez,

    1. Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (CIGB), P.O. Box 6162, Havana 10600, Cuba; telephone: + 53-7 271 6644; fax: + 53-7 273 1779
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  • Ada Triguero,

    1. Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology of Sancti Spiritus, P.O. Box 83, Sancti Spiritus 60200, Cuba
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  • Cristina Mateo,

    1. Center of Molecular Immunology, P.O. Box 16040, Havana 11600, Cuba
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  • Guillermo Selman-Housein,

    1. Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (CIGB), P.O. Box 6162, Havana 10600, Cuba; telephone: + 53-7 271 6644; fax: + 53-7 273 1779
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  • Jorge V. Gavilondo,

    1. Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (CIGB), P.O. Box 6162, Havana 10600, Cuba; telephone: + 53-7 271 6644; fax: + 53-7 273 1779
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  • Merardo Pujol

    1. Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (CIGB), P.O. Box 6162, Havana 10600, Cuba; telephone: + 53-7 271 6644; fax: + 53-7 273 1779
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Abstract

When generating stably transformed transgenic plants, transient gene expression experiments are especially useful to rapidly confirm that the foreign molecule of interest is correctly assembled and retains its biological activity. TheraCIM® (CIMAB S.A., Havana) is a recombinant humanized antibody against the Epidermal Growth Factor receptor (EGF-R), now in clinical trials for cancer therapy in Cuba and other countries. An aglycosylated version (Asn 297 was mutated for Gln 297) of this antibody was transiently expressed in tobacco leaves after vacuum-mediated infiltration of recombinant Agrobacterium tumefaciens that carried a binary plasmid bearing the antibody heavy and light chain genes and plant regulation signals. Protein extracts from “agroinfiltrated” leaves were tested by ELISA and Western blot, showing that the fully assembled antibody was accumulated in plant tissues. The absence of plant specific glycans did not interfere in the assembling or in the activity of the plantibody, as demonstrated in this work. Indirect immunofluorescence demonstrated that the aglycosylated antibody expressed in plants recognizes the EGF-R expressed on the surface of A431 human tumor culture cells. © 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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