The HeLa cell-vaccinia virus expression system was evaluated for the production of recombinant proteins (enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) and HIV envelope coat protein, gp120) using microcarriers in 1.5 L perfused bioreactor cultures. Perfusion was achieved by use of an alternating tangential flow device (ATF), increasing the length of the exponential phase by 50 h compared to batch culture and increasing the maximum cell density from 1.5 × 106 to 4.4 × 106 cell/mL. A seed train expansion method using cells harvested from microcarrier culture and reseeding onto fresh carriers was developed. EGFP was first used as a model protein to study process parameters affecting protein yield, specifically dissolved oxygen (DO) and temperature during the production phase. The highest level of EGFP, 12 ± 1.5 μg/106 infected cells, was obtained at 50% DO and 31°C. These setpoints were then used to produce glycoprotein, gp120, which was purified and deglycosylated, revealing a significant amount of N-linked glycosylation. Also, biological activity was assayed, resulting in an ID50 of 3.1 μg/mL, which is comparable to previous reports. Published 2005 Wiley-Periodicals, Inc.