Effects of cell culture conditions on antibody N-linked glycosylation—what affects high mannose 5 glycoform

Authors

  • Efren Pacis,

    1. Oceanside Pharma Technical Development, 1 Antibody Way, Oceanside, CA 92056, US Biologics Pharma Technical Development, Genentech, Inc., telephone: 760-231-3046; fax: 760-231-2465
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  • Marcella Yu,

    1. Oceanside Pharma Technical Development, 1 Antibody Way, Oceanside, CA 92056, US Biologics Pharma Technical Development, Genentech, Inc., telephone: 760-231-3046; fax: 760-231-2465
    Current affiliation:
    1. Genzyme Corporation, 45 New York Ave. Framingham, MA 01701.
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  • Jennifer Autsen,

    1. Oceanside Pharma Technical Development, 1 Antibody Way, Oceanside, CA 92056, US Biologics Pharma Technical Development, Genentech, Inc., telephone: 760-231-3046; fax: 760-231-2465
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  • Robert Bayer,

    1. Oceanside Pharma Technical Development, 1 Antibody Way, Oceanside, CA 92056, US Biologics Pharma Technical Development, Genentech, Inc., telephone: 760-231-3046; fax: 760-231-2465
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  • Feng Li

    Corresponding author
    1. Oceanside Pharma Technical Development, 1 Antibody Way, Oceanside, CA 92056, US Biologics Pharma Technical Development, Genentech, Inc., telephone: 760-231-3046; fax: 760-231-2465
    • Oceanside Pharma Technical Development, 1 Antibody Way, Oceanside, CA 92056, US Biologics Pharma Technical Development, Genentech, Inc., telephone: 760-231-3046; fax: 760-231-2465.
    Search for more papers by this author

Abstract

The glycosylation profile of therapeutic antibodies is routinely analyzed throughout development to monitor the impact of process parameters and to ensure consistency, efficacy, and safety for clinical and commercial batches of therapeutic products. In this study, unusually high levels of the mannose-5 (Man5) glycoform were observed during the early development of a therapeutic antibody produced from a Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell line, model cell line A. Follow up studies indicated that the antibody Man5 level was increased throughout the course of cell culture production as a result of increasing cell culture medium osmolality levels and extending culture duration. With model cell line A, Man5 glycosylation increased more than twofold from 12% to 28% in the fed-batch process through a combination of high basal and feed media osmolality and increased run duration. The osmolality and culture duration effects were also observed for four other CHO antibody producing cell lines by adding NaCl in both basal and feed media and extending the culture duration of the cell culture process. Moreover, reduction of Man5 level from model cell line A was achieved by supplementing MnCl2 at appropriate concentrations. To further understand the role of glycosyltransferases in Man5 level, N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase I GnT-I mRNA levels at different osmolality conditions were measured. It has been hypothesized that specific enzyme activity in the glycosylation pathway could have been altered in this fed-batch process. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 2011;108: 2348–2358. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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