Cell transfer printing from patterned poly(ethylene glycol)-oleyl surfaces onto biological hydrogel sheets is investigated herein, as a new cell stamping method for both cell microarray and tissue engineering. By overlaying a hydrogel sheet on the cells immobilized on the poly(ethylene glycol)-oleyl surface and successively peeling it off, the immobilized cells were transferred onto a hydrogel sheet because the adhesive interaction between the cells and the hydrogel was stronger than that between the cells and the poly(ethylene glycol)-oleyl surface. Four types of human cell could be efficiently transferred onto a rigid collagen sheet. The transfer printing ratios, for all cells, were above 80% and achieved within 90 min. A cell microarray was successfully prepared on a collagen gel sheet using the present stamping method. We have also demonstrated that the transferred pattern of endothelial cells is transformed to the patterned tube-like structure on the reconstituted basement membrane matrix. Finally, the patterns of two types of endothelial cell are shown to be easily prepared on the matrix, and the desired tube-like structures, including the orderly pattern of the two different cells, were formed spontaneously. Thus, the present poly(ethylene glycol)-oleyl coated substrates are useful for rapid and efficient cell stamping, in the preparation of multi-cellular pattern on extracellular matrices. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 2012;109: 244–251. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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