Synthesis and application of virus-based hybrid nanomaterials
Article first published online: 21 SEP 2011
Copyright © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Volume 109, Issue 1, pages 16–30, January 2012
How to Cite
Lee, S.-Y., Lim, J.-S. and Harris, M. T. (2012), Synthesis and application of virus-based hybrid nanomaterials. Biotechnol. Bioeng., 109: 16–30. doi: 10.1002/bit.23328
- Issue published online: 17 NOV 2011
- Article first published online: 21 SEP 2011
- Accepted manuscript online: 13 SEP 2011 06:51AM EST
- Manuscript Accepted: 31 AUG 2011
- Manuscript Revised: 17 AUG 2011
- Manuscript Received: 5 JUN 2011
- US Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Science, Division of Materials Science and Engineering, Biomolecular Materials Research Program. Grant Numbers: DEFG02-02-ER45975, DEFG02-02-ER45976
A virus is a nanoscaled biomolecular substance composed of genes, protecting capsid proteins, and envelopes. The nanoscale dimensions and surface functionalities of virions have been exploited to attract and assemble inorganic and organic materials to produce functional nanomaterials with large surface areas. Genetic modifications of virus capsid proteins lead to the selective deposition and controlled growth of inorganic substances producing organized virus-based hybrid materials. Due to these properties, viruses hold promise for development as platforms for the creation of hybrid materials with multiple functionalities. This article reviews the characteristics of commonly used viruses and their fabrication into virus-based hybrid materials that have been applied in engineering applications such as nanowires and catalysts. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 2012;109: 16–30. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.