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An improved bioluminescence-based signaling assay for odor sensing with a yeast expressing a chimeric olfactory receptor

Authors

  • Yosuke Fukutani,

    1. Department of Biotechnology and Life Science, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Tokyo, Japan; telephone: +81-042-388-7479; fax: +81-042-388-7479
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  • Jun Ishii,

    1. Organization of Advanced Science and Technology, Kobe University, Kobe, Japan
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  • Keiichi Noguchi,

    1. Department of Biotechnology and Life Science, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Tokyo, Japan; telephone: +81-042-388-7479; fax: +81-042-388-7479
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  • Akihiko Kondo,

    1. Department of Chemical Science and Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Kobe University, Kobe, Japan
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  • Masafumi Yohda

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Biotechnology and Life Science, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Tokyo, Japan; telephone: +81-042-388-7479; fax: +81-042-388-7479
    • Department of Biotechnology and Life Science, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, 2-24-16 Naka-cho, Koganei, Tokyo 184-8588, Japan.
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Abstract

The goal of this work was to improve the bioluminescence-based signaling assay system to create a practical application of a biomimetic odor sensor using an engineered yeast-expressing olfactory receptors (ORs). Using the yeast endogenous pheromone receptor (Ste2p) as a model GPCR, we determined the suitable promoters for the firefly luciferase (luc) reporter and GPCR genes. Additionally, we deleted some genes to further improve the sensitivity of the luc reporter assay. By replacing the endogenous yeast G-protein α-subunit (Gpa1p) with the olfactory-specific Gαolf, the optimized yeast strain successfully transduced signal through both OR and yeast Ste2p. Our results will assist the development of a bioluminescence-based odor-sensing system using OR-expressing yeast. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 2012; 109: 3143–3151. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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