E. coli (P450pyrTM-GDH) with dual plasmids, pETDuet containing P450pyr triple mutant I83H/M305Q/A77S (P450pyrTM) and ferredoxin reductase (FdR) genes and pRSFDuet containing glucose dehydrogenase (GDH) and ferredoxin (Fdx) genes, was engineered to show a high activity (12.7 U g−1 cdw) for the biohydroxylation of N-benzylpyrrolidine 1 and a GDH activity of 106 U g−1 protein. The E. coli cells were used as efficient biocatalysts for highly regio- and stereoselective hydroxylation of alicyclic substrates at non-activated carbon atom with enhanced productivity via intracellular recycling of NAD(P)H. Hydroxylation of N-benzylpyrrolidine 1 with resting cells in the presence of glucose showed excellent regio- and stereoselectivity, giving (S)-N-benzyl-3-hydroxypyrrolidine 2 in 98% ee as the sole product in 9.8 mM. The productivity is much higher than that of the same biohydroxylation using E. coli (P450pyrTM)b without expressing GDH. E. coli (P450pyrTM-GDH) was found to be highly regio- and stereoselective for the hydroxylation of N-benzylpyrrolidin-2-one 3, improving the regioselectivity from 90% of the wild-type P450pyr to 100% and giving (S)-N-benzyl-4-hydroxylpyrrolidin-2-one 4 in 99% ee as the sole product. A high activity of 15.5 U g−1 cdw was achieved and (S)-4 was obtained in 19.4 mM. E. coli (P450pyrTM-GDH) was also found to be highly regio- and stereoselective for the hydroxylation of N-benzylpiperidin-2-one 5, increasing the ee of the product (S)-N-benzyl-4-hydroxy-piperidin-2-one 6 to 94% from 33% of the wild-type P450pyr. A high activity of 15.8 U g−1 cdw was obtained and (S)-6 was produced in 3.3 mM as the sole product. E. coli (P450pyrTM-GDH) represents the most productive system known thus far for P450-catalyzed hydroxylations with cofactor recycling, and the hydroxylations with E. coli (P450pyrTM-GDH) provide with simple and useful syntheses of (S)-2, (S)-4, and (S)-6 that are valuable pharmaceutical intermediates and difficult to prepare. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 2013; 110: 363–373. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
If you can't find a tool you're looking for, please click the link at the top of the page to "Go to old article view". Alternatively, view our Knowledge Base articles for additional help. Your feedback is important to us, so please let us know if you have comments or ideas for improvement.