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Laminar shear stress elicit distinct endothelial cell e-selectin expression pattern via TNFα and IL-1β activation

Authors

  • Ryan B. Huang,

    1. Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109; telephone: 734-936-0856; fax: 734-764-1761
    Current affiliation:
    1. Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801.
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  • Anjelica L. Gonzalez,

    1. Department of Biomedical Engineering, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520
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  • Omolola Eniola-Adefeso

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109; telephone: 734-936-0856; fax: 734-764-1761
    • Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109; telephone: 734-936-0856; fax: 734-764-1761.
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  • No conflicts of interest exist for any of the authors.

Abstract

The ability to discriminate cell adhesion molecule expression between healthy and inflamed endothelium is critical for therapeutic intervention in many diseases. This study explores the effect of laminar flow on TNFα-induced E-selectin surface expression levels in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) relative to IL-1β-induced expression via flow chamber assays. HUVECs grown in static culture were either directly (naïve) activated with cytokine in the presence of laminar shear or pre-exposed to 12 h of laminar shear (shear-conditioned) prior to simultaneous shear and cytokine activation. Naïve cells activated with cytokine in static served as control. Depending on the cell shear history, fluid shear is found to differently affect TNFα-induced relative to IL-1β-induced HUVEC expression of E-selectin. Specifically, E-selectin surface expression by naïve HUVECs is enhanced in the 8–12 h activation time range with simultaneous exposure to shear and TNFα (shear-TNFα) relative to TNFα static control whereas enhanced E-selectin expression is observed in the 4–24 h range for shear-IL-1β treatment relative to IL-1β static control. While exposure of HUVECs to shear preconditioning mutes shear-TNFα-induced E-selectin expression, it enhances or down-regulates shear-IL-1β-induced expression dependent on the activation period. Under dual-cytokine-shear conditions, IL-1β signaling dominates. Overall, a better understanding of E-selectin expression pattern by human ECs relative to the combined interaction of cytokines, shear profile and history can help elucidate many disease pathologies. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 2013; 110: 999–1003. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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