Enzymatic synthesis of formic acid from H2 and CO2 and production of hydrogen from formic acid
Article first published online: 18 FEB 2004
Copyright © 1982 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Volume 24, Issue 1, pages 25–36, January 1982
How to Cite
Klibanov, A. M., Alberti, B. N. and Zale, S. E. (1982), Enzymatic synthesis of formic acid from H2 and CO2 and production of hydrogen from formic acid. Biotechnol. Bioeng., 24: 25–36. doi: 10.1002/bit.260240104
- Issue published online: 18 FEB 2004
- Article first published online: 18 FEB 2004
- Manuscript Accepted: 11 MAY 1981
Whole cells of Alcaligenes eutrophus (as well as isolated P. oxalaticus formate dehydrogenase and A. eutrophus hydrogenase coupled via NAD+ or methyl viologen) have been shown to produce H2 from formic acid. Immobilization of the cells in kappacarrageenan gel greatly enhances their stability at room temperature. The rate of hydrogen production catalyzed by immobilized A. eutrophus has been studied as a function of the concentrations of the cells and formate and also pH. An inhibition by high concentrations of formate has been found. Immobilized cells were also capable of synthesizingformate from H2 and bicarbonate. Yields of formate up to 30% have been obtained. The catalytic efficiency of immobilized A. eutrophus cells was compared with that of palladium adsorbed on activated carbon.