Cell growth and lincomycin production were measured in batch cultures of Streptomyces lincolnensis in chemically defined media. In these fermentations the specific rate of antibiotic production was maximal during growth and always declined at the end of the growth phase. It was found that both phosphate and ammonium salts, while required for cell growth, had negative effects on antibiotic production. By increasing the concentration of magnesium sulfate, it was possible to increase both the production rates and final titers of lincomycin. The mechanism for this effect was found to be the reduction of soluble phosphate in the medium through the precipitation of ammonium magnesium phosphate. Lincomycin production rates were not inhibited by glucose at concentrations of up to 30 g/L.