Immobilization of microorganisms by adhesion: Interplay of electrostatic and nonelectrostatic interactions

Authors

  • N. Mozes,

    1. Unité de Chimie des Interfaces, Université Catholique de Louvain, Place Croix du Sud, 1, B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium
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  • F. Marchal,

    1. Unité de Chimie des Interfaces, Université Catholique de Louvain, Place Croix du Sud, 1, B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium
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  • M. P. Hermesse,

    1. Unité de Chimie des Interfaces, Université Catholique de Louvain, Place Croix du Sud, 1, B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium
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  • J. L. Van Haecht,

    1. Unité de Chimie des Interfaces, Université Catholique de Louvain, Place Croix du Sud, 1, B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium
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  • L. Reuliaux,

    1. Unité de Chimie des Interfaces, Université Catholique de Louvain, Place Croix du Sud, 1, B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium
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  • A. J. Leonard,

    1. Unité de Chimie des Interfaces, Université Catholique de Louvain, Place Croix du Sud, 1, B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium
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  • P. G. Rouxhet

    Corresponding author
    1. Unité de Chimie des Interfaces, Université Catholique de Louvain, Place Croix du Sud, 1, B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium
    • Unité de Chimie des Interfaces, Université Catholique de Louvain, Place Croix du Sud, 1, B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium
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Abstract

The adhesion of three microorganisms (Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Acetobacter aceti, and Moniliella pollinis) to different materials has been studied using various supports (glass, metals, plastics), some of which were treated by an Fe(III) solution. The surface properties of the cells were characterized by the zeta potential and an index of hydrophobicity; characterization of the supports involved surface chemical analysis (XPS) and contact angle measurements. Cell suspensions in pure water at a given pH were left to settle on plates; the latter were then rinsed and examined microscopically, Saccharomyces cerevisiae and A. aceti adhere to metals under certain pH conditions but do not adhere to any of the other materials tested unless it is previously treated by ferric ions; adhesion of these hydrophilic cells is essentially controlled by electrostatic interactions. Moniliella pollinis adhere spontaneously to glass and to polymeric materials, but its attachment is also influenced by cell–cell or cell–support electrostatic repulsions; near the cell isoelectric point, cell flocculation is competing with adhesion to a support.

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