A membrane-covered polarographic oxygen electrode was used to measure oxygen diffusion coefficients in aqueous polyelectrolyte solutions of xanthan gum, sodium alginate, and sodium carboxymethylcellulose (CMC). In sodium alginate solutions, dilute xanthan solutions, and solutions containing more than 0.3 wt % CMC, oxygen diffusion coefficients decrease with increasing polymer concentrations. Interestingly, in dilute CMC solutions and concentrate xanthan solutions containing more than 0.5 wt % xanthan gum, oxygen diffusion coefficients increase with increasing polymer concentrations, and values exceeding that in pure water are generally observed.
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