• 1
    Christakopoulos, P., Macris, B. J., Kekos, D. 1989. Direct fermentation of cellulose to ethanol by Fusarium oxysporum. Enzyme Microb. Technol. 10: 2362349.
  • 2
    Christakopoulos, P., Koullas, D., Koukios, E. G., Macris, B. J. 1991. Direct ethanol conversion of pretreated straw. Bioresource Technol., in press.
  • 3
    Fan, L. T., Lee, Y. H., Beardmore, D. H. 1980. Major chemical and physical features of cellulosic materials as substances for enzymatic hydrolysis. Adv. Biochem. Eng. 14: 101117.
  • 4
    Fan, L. T., Lee, Y. H. 1983. Kinetic studies of enzymatic hydrolysis of insoluble cellulose: derivation of a mechanistic model. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 25: 27072733.
  • 5
    Holtzapple, M. T., Caram, H. S., Humphrey, A. E. 1984. A comparison of two empirical models for the enzymatic hydrolysis of pretreated poplar wood. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 26: 936941.
  • 6
    Houng, J. Y., Chen, K.Ch., Hsu, W. H. 1989. Optimization of cultivation medium composition for isoamylase production. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 31: 6164.
  • 7
    Koukios, E. G. 1981. Lignocellulose Hydrolysis Reactions. Proc. AIChE National Meeting, New Orleans, LA.
  • 8
    Koullas, D. P., Tsimas, S. G., Koukios, E. G. 1989. Pretreatment of lignocellulosic materials. The effect of ball milling on wheat straw physical properties. Cell. Chem. Technol. 23(1): 5362.
  • 9
    Koullas, D. P., Christakopoulos, P., Kekos, D., Macris, B. J., Koukios, E. G. 1990. Effect of cellulose crystallinity on the enzymic hydrolysis of lignocellulosics by Fusarium oxysporum cellulases. Cell. Chem. Technol., 24(5), in press.
  • 10
    Miller, G. L. 1959. Use of dinitrosalicyclic acid for determination of reducing sugar. Anal. Chem. 31(3): 426428.
  • 11
    Saeman, J. F. 1945. Kinetics of wood saccharification: Hydrolysis of cellulose and decomposition of sugars in dilute acid at high temperature. Ind. Eng. Chem. 37: 4252.
  • 12
    Segal, L., Creely, J. J., Martin, A. E., Conrad, C. M. 1959. An empirical method for estimating the degree of crystallinity of native cellulose using the x-ray diffractometer. Text. Res. J. 29: 786795.
  • 13
    Shafizadeh, F., Furneaux, R. H., Cochran, T. D., Scholl, J. P., Sakai, Y. 1979. Production of levoglucosan and glucose from pyrolysis of cellulosic materials. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 23: 35253539.