Infrainguinal revascularization in the diabetic patient



This article reviews the epidemiological, anatomical and physiological background to infrainguinal arterial reconstruction in the diabetic patient. There is no firm evidence in the literature for the existence of a surgically significant occlusive ‘small-vessel’ disease in diabetic patients, either as an aetiological component in the pathogenesis of diabetic foot lesions or as a factor limiting the success of infrainguinal bypass grafting. Recent published results of infrainguinal vascular reconstruction in patients with diabetes are reviewed. These are encouraging; early aggressive treatment of lower-limb occlusive disease may be warranted in the diabetic patient.