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Systematic review of pancreatic surgery for metastatic renal cell carcinoma




This study examined the clinical outcome of patients with pancreatic metastases from renal cell carcinoma (RCC).


A systematic literature search produced individual data for 311 surgically and 73 non-surgically treated patients with pancreatic RCC metastases. A further ten patients underwent resection at the authors' institution.


In the resected group, pancreatic metastases were solitary in 65·3 per cent, symptomatic in 57·4 per cent, and were preceded and/or accompanied by extrapancreatic disease in 22·3 per cent. Respective values in the unresected group were 59, 60 and 58 per cent. Disease-free survival rates were 76·0 and 57·0 per cent respectively at 2 and 5 years after resection, and overall survival rates were 80·6 and 72·6 per cent. The only significant risk factor for disease-free survival after pancreatic resection was extrapancreatic disease (P = 0·001), and that for overall survival was symptomatic RCC metastasis (P = 0·031). Two- and 5-year overall survival rates were 41 and 14 per cent respectively in unresected patients.


The actuarial 5-year overall survival rate following pancreatic surgery for RCC metastases was 72·6 per cent, as determined by pooled analysis from published series. Extrapancreatic disease was an independent risk factor for recurrence, but had no significant impact on overall survival. Copyright © 2009 British Journal of Surgery Society Ltd. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.