Outcome of selective non-operative management of penetrating abdominal injuries from the North American National Trauma Database
Article first published online: 22 DEC 2011
Copyright © 2011 British Journal of Surgery Society Ltd. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
British Journal of Surgery
Supplement: Trauma Supplement
Volume 99, Issue S1, pages 155–164, January 2012
How to Cite
Nabeel Zafar, S., Rushing, A., Haut, E. R., Kisat, M. T., Villegas, C. V., Chi, A., Stevens, K., Efron, D. T., Zafar, H. and Haider, A. H. (2012), Outcome of selective non-operative management of penetrating abdominal injuries from the North American National Trauma Database. Br J Surg, 99: 155–164. doi: 10.1002/bjs.7735
- Issue published online: 22 DEC 2011
- Article first published online: 22 DEC 2011
- Manuscript Accepted: 2 JUN 2011
Vol. 99, Issue 7, 1023, Article first published online: 30 MAY 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate trends in the practice of selective non-operative management (SNOM) for penetrating abdominal injury (PAI) and to determine factors associated with its failure.
The National Trauma Data Bank for 2002–2008 was reviewed. Patients with PAI were categorized as those who underwent successful SNOM (operative management not required) and those who failed SNOM (surgery required more than 4 h after admission). Yearly rates of SNOM versus non-therapeutic laparotomy (NTL) were plotted. Multivariable regression analysis was performed to identify factors associated with failed SNOM and mortality.
A total of 12 707 patients with abdominal gunshot and 13 030 with stab wounds were identified. Rates of SNOM were 22·2 per cent for gunshot and 33·9 per cent for stab wounds, and increased with time (P < 0·001). There was a strong correlation between the rise in SNOM and the decline in NTL (r = − 0·70). SNOM failed in 20·8 and 15·2 per cent of patients with gunshot and stab wounds respectively. Factors predicting failure included the need for blood transfusion (odds ratio (OR) 1·96, 95 per cent confidence interval 1·11 to 3·46) and a higher injury score. Failed SNOM was independently associated with mortality in both the gunshot (OR 4·48, 2·07 to 9·70) and stab (OR 9·83, 3·44 to 28·00) wound groups.
The practice of SNOM is increasing, with an associated decrease in the rate of NTL for PAI. In most instances SNOM is successful; however, its failure is associated with increased mortality. Careful patient selection and adherence to protocols designed to decrease the failure rate of SNOM are recommended. Copyright © 2011 British Journal of Surgery Society Ltd. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.