• 1
    Menzies D, Ellis H. Intestinal obstruction from adhesions—how big is the problem? Ann R Coll Surg Engl 1990; 72: 6063.
  • 2
    Ellis H, Moran BJ, Thompson JN, Parker MC, Wilson MS, Menzies D et al. Adhesion-related hospital readmissions after abdominal and pelvic surgery: a retrospective cohort study. Lancet 1999; 353: 14761480.
  • 3
    Parker MC, Wilson MS, Menzies D, Sunderland G, Clark DN, Knight AD et al.; Surgical and Clinical Adhesions Research (SCAR) Group. The SCAR-3 study: 5-year adhesion-related readmission risk following lower abdominal surgical procedures. Colorectal Dis 2005; 7: 551558.
  • 4
    Wilson MS, Menzies D, Knight AD, Crowe AM. Demonstrating the clinical and cost effectiveness of adhesion reduction strategies. Colorectal Dis 2002; 4: 355360.
  • 5
    Dowson HM, Bong JJ, Lovell DP, Worthington TR, Karanjia ND, Rockall TA. Reduced adhesion formation following laparoscopic versus open colorectal surgery. Br J Surg 2008; 95: 909914.
  • 6
    Lumley J, Stitz R, Stevenson A, Fielding G, Luck A. Laparoscopic colorectal surgery for cancer: intermediate to long-term outcomes. Dis Colon Rectum 2002; 45: 867872.
  • 7
    Duepree HJ, Senagore AJ, Delaney CP, Fazio VW. Does means of access affect the incidence of small bowel obstruction and ventral hernia after bowel resection? Laparoscopy versus laparotomy. J Am Coll Surg 2003; 197: 177181.
  • 8
    Taylor GW, Jayne DG, Brown SR, Thorpe H, Brown JM, Dewberry SC et al. Adhesions and incisional hernias following laparoscopic versus open surgery for colorectal cancer in the CLASICC trial. Br J Surg 2010; 97: 7078.
  • 9
    Kingsnorth A, LeBlanc K. Hernias: inguinal and incisional. Lancet 2003; 362: 15611571.
  • 10
    Burger JW, Luijendijk RW, Hop WC, Halm JA, Verdaasdonk EG, Jeekel J. Long-term follow-up of a randomized controlled trial of suture versus mesh repair of incisional hernia. Ann Surg 2004; 240: 578583.
  • 11
    Regadas FS, Rodrigues LV, Nicodemo AM, Siebra JA, Furtado DC, Regadas SM. Complications in laparoscopic colorectal resection: main types and prevention. Surg Laparosc Endosc 1998; 8: 189192.
  • 12
    Skipworth JR, Khan Y, Motson RW, Arulampalam TH, Engledow AH. Incisional hernia rates following laparoscopic colorectal resection. Int J Surg 2010; 8: 470473.
  • 13
    Kuhry E, Schwenk WF, Gaupset R, Romild U, Bonjer HJ. Long-term results of laparoscopic colorectal cancer resection. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2008; (2)CD003432.
  • 14
    Andersen LP, Klein M, Gögenur I, Rosenberg J. Incisional hernia after open versus laparoscopic sigmoid resection. Surg Endosc 2008; 22: 20262029.
  • 15
    Faiz O, Warusavitarne J, Bottle A, Tekkis PP, Darzi AW, Kennedy RH. Laparoscopically assisted vs. open elective colonic and rectal resection: a comparison of outcomes in English National Health Service Trusts between 1996 and 2006. Dis Colon Rectum 2009; 52: 16951704.
  • 16
    Charlson ME, Pompei P, Ales KL, MacKenzie CR. A new method of classifying prognostic comorbidity in longitudinal studies: development and validation. J Chronic Dis 1987; 40: 373383.
  • 17
    Carstairs V, Morris R. Deprivation: explaining differences in mortality between Scotland and England and Wales. BMJ 1989; 299: 886889.
  • 18
    Burns EM, Bottle A, Aylin P, Darzi A, Nicholls RJ, Faiz O. Variation in reoperation after colorectal surgery in England as an indicator of surgical performance: retrospective analysis of Hospital Episode Statistics. BMJ 2011; 343: d4836.
  • 19
    Braga M, Vignali A, Gianotti L, Zuliani W, Radaelli G, Gruarin P et al. Laparoscopic versus open colorectal surgery: a randomized trial on short-term outcome. Ann Surg 2002; 236: 759766.
  • 20
    Lacy AM, Garcia-Valdecasas JC, Delgado S, Castells A, Taura P, Pique JM et al. Laparoscopy-assisted colectomy versus open colectomy for treatment of non-metastatic colon cancer: a randomised trial. Lancet 2002; 359: 22242229.
  • 21
    Veldkamp R, Kuhry E, Hop WC, Jeekel J, Kazemier G, Bonjer HJ et al.; Colon cancer Laparoscopic or Open Resection Study Group (COLOR). Laparoscopic surgery versus open surgery for colon cancer: short-term outcomes of a randomised trial. Lancet Oncol 2005; 6: 477484.
  • 22
    Jayne DG, Guillou PJ, Thorpe H, Quirke P, Copeland J, Smith AM et al.; UK MRC CLASICC Trial Group. Randomized trial of laparoscopic-assisted resection of colorectal carcinoma: 3-year results of the UK MRC CLASICC Trial Group. J Clin Oncol 2007; 25: 30613068.
  • 23
    Braga M, Frasson M, Vignali A, Zuliani W, Civelli V, Di Carlo V. Laparoscopic vs. open colectomy in cancer patients: long-term complications, quality of life, and survival. Dis Colon Rectum 2005; 48: 22172223.
  • 24
    Bhardwaj R, Parker MC. Impact of adhesions in colorectal surgery. Colorectal Dis 2007; 9(Suppl 2): 4553.
  • 25
    Parker MC, Wilson MS, Menzies D, Sunderland G, Thompson JN, Clark DN et al.; Surgical and Clinical Adhesions Research (SCAR) Group. Colorectal surgery: the risk and burden of adhesion-related complications. Colorectal Dis 2004; 6: 506511.
  • 26
    Parker MC, Wilson MS, van Goor H, Moran BJ, Jeekel J, Duron JJ et al. Adhesions and colorectal surgery—call for action. Colorectal Dis 2007; 9(Suppl 2): 6672.
  • 27
    Hesselink VJ, Luijendijk RW, de Wilt JH, Heide R, Jeekel J. An evaluation of risk factors in incisional hernia recurrence. Surg Gynecol Obstet 1993; 176: 228234.
  • 28
    Parker MC, Ellis H, Moran BJ, Thompson JN, Wilson MS, Menzies D et al. Postoperative adhesions: ten-year follow-up of 12 584 patients undergoing lower abdominal surgery. Dis Colon Rectum 2001; 44: 822829.
  • 29
    Rotholtz NA, Laporte M, Zanoni G, Bun ME, Aued L, Lencinas S et al. Predictive factors for conversion in laparoscopic colorectal surgery. Tech Coloproctol 2008; 12: 2731.
  • 30
    Kumar S, Wong PF, Leaper DJ. Intra-peritoneal prophylactic agents for preventing adhesions and adhesive intestinal obstruction after non-gynaecological abdominal surgery. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2009; (1)CD005080.
  • 31
    Hernández RA, de Verteuil RM, Fraser CM, Vale LD; Aberdeen Health Technology Assessment Group. Systematic review of economic evaluations of laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancer. Colorectal Dis 2008; 10: 859868.
  • 32
    Murray A, Lourenco T, de Verteuil R, Hernandez R, Fraser C, McKinley A et al. Clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancer: systematic reviews and economic evaluation. Health Technol Assess 2006; 10: 1141, iii–iv.
  • 33
    Kossi JA, Salminen PT, Laato MK. Surgical workload and cost of postoperative adhesion-related intestinal obstruction: importance of previous surgery. World J Surg 2004; 28: 666670.
  • 34
    Colon Cancer Laparoscopic or Open Resection Study Group, Buunen M, Veldkamp R, Hop WC, Kuhry E, Jeekel J et al. Survival after laparoscopic surgery versus open surgery for colon cancer: long-term outcome of a randomised clinical trial. Lancet Oncol 2009; 10: 4452.