Presence of four Fusarium mycotoxins and synthetic material in ‘yellow rain’: Evidence for the use of chemical weapons in laos
Article first published online: 13 APR 2005
Copyright © 1982 Heyden & Son Ltd.
Biological Mass Spectrometry
Volume 9, Issue 10, pages 443–450, October 1982
How to Cite
Rosen, R. T. and Rosen, J. D. (1982), Presence of four Fusarium mycotoxins and synthetic material in ‘yellow rain’: Evidence for the use of chemical weapons in laos. Biol. Mass Spectrom., 9: 443–450. doi: 10.1002/bms.1200091007
- Issue published online: 13 APR 2005
- Article first published online: 13 APR 2005
- Manuscript Received: 9 APR 1982
Analysis of a ‘yellow rain’ sample by selected ion monitoring revealed the presence of three trichothecenes: T-2 toxin, diacetoxyscirpenol and 4-deoxynivalenol in concentrations of at least 48,42 and 58 ppm, respectively. The concentration of zearalenone, another Fusarium mycotoxin, was estimated to be at least 265 ppm. Evidence for a formulation which contained polyethylene glycol was also obtained.