Presence of four Fusarium mycotoxins and synthetic material in ‘yellow rain’: Evidence for the use of chemical weapons in laos

Authors

  • Robert T. Rosen,

    1. Department of Food Science, Cook College, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08903, USA
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  • Joseph D. Rosen

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Food Science, Cook College, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08903, USA
    • Department of Food Science, Cook College, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08903, USA
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Abstract

Analysis of a ‘yellow rain’ sample by selected ion monitoring revealed the presence of three trichothecenes: T-2 toxin, diacetoxyscirpenol and 4-deoxynivalenol in concentrations of at least 48,42 and 58 ppm, respectively. The concentration of zearalenone, another Fusarium mycotoxin, was estimated to be at least 265 ppm. Evidence for a formulation which contained polyethylene glycol was also obtained.

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