Keto acids in tissues and biological fluids: O-t-butyldimethylsilyl quinoxalinols as derivatives for sensitive gas chromatographic/mass spectrometric determination



Quinoxalinol t-butyldimethylsilyl ethers were prepared from three branched-chain and from two aliphatic unbranched 2-keto acids. The electron impact (EI) mass spectra display pronounced [M −57]+ ions. With 39–51% of total ion current contained within them, sensitivity is greater than on chemical ionization (CI) mass spectrometry of O-trimethylsilyl derivatives. Mass spectra and chromatographic behaviour of these novel keto acid derivatives are discussed and preliminary quantitative data from rat muscle are given.