• Alrawi, A., J. D. Trobe, M. Blaivas, and D. C. Musch. 1999. Brain biopsy in primary angiitis of the central nervous system. Neurology 53(4):858860.
  • Birnbaum, J., and D. B. Hellmann. 2009. Primary angiitis of the central nervous system. Arch Neurol. 66(6):704709.
  • Calabrese, L. H., and G. F. Duna. 1995. Evaluation and treatment of central nervous system vasculitis. Curr. Opin. Rheumatol. 7(1):3744.
  • Calabrese, L. H., and J. A. Mallek. 1988. Primary angiitis of the central nervous system. Report of 8 new cases, review of the literature, and proposal for diagnostic criteria. Medicine (Baltimore) 67(1):2039.
  • Chu, C. T., L. Gray, L. B. Goldstein, and C. M. Hulette. 1998. Diagnosis of intracranial vasculitis: a multi-disciplinary approach. J. Neuropathol. Exp. Neurol. 57(1):3038.
  • Duna, G. F., and L. H. Calabrese. 1995. Limitations of invasive modalities in the diagnosis of primary angiitis of the central nervous system. J. Rheumatol. 22(4):662667.
  • Field, M., T. F. Witham, J. C. Flickinger, D. Kondziolka, and L. D. Lunsford. 2001. Comprehensive assessment of hemorrhage risks and outcomes after stereotactic brain biopsy. J. Neurosurg. 94(4):545551.
  • Gomes, L. J. 2010. The role of imaging in the diagnosis of central nervous system vasculitis. Curr. Allergy Asthma Rep. 10(3):163170.
  • Hall, W. A. 1998. The safety and efficacy of stereotactic biopsy for intracranial lesions. Cancer 82(9):17491755.
  • Hankey, G. J. 1991. Isolated Angiitis/Angiopathy of the Central Nervous System. Cerebrovasc. Dis. 1(1):215.
  • Kadkhodayan, Y., A. Alreshaid, C. J. Moran, D. T. Cross, 3rd, W. J. Powers, and C. P. Derdeyn. 2004 Primary angiitis of the central nervous system at conventional angiography. Radiology 233(3):878882.
  • Khan, N. A., P. K. Shenoy, L. McClymont, and T. J. Palmer. 1996. Exophthalmos and facial swelling: a case of limited Churg-Strauss syndrome. J. Laryngol. Otol. 110(6):578582.
  • Lie, J. T. 1992. Primary (granulomatous) angiitis of the central nervous system: a clinicopathologic analysis of 15 new cases and a review of the literature. Hum. Pathol. 23(2):164171.
  • Masi, A. T., G. G. Hunder, J. T. Lie, B. A. Michel, D. A. Bloch, W. P. Arend, et al. 1990. The American College of Rheumatology 1990 criteria for the classification of Churg-Strauss syndrome (allergic granulomatosis and angiitis). Arthritis Rheum. 33(8):10941100.
  • McGirt, M. J., G. F. Woodworth, A. L. Coon, J. M. Frazier, E. Amundson, I. Garonzik, et al. 2005. Independent predictors of morbidity after image-guided stereotactic brain biopsy: a risk assessment of 270 cases. J. Neurosurg. 102(5):897901.
  • Moore, P. M. 1989. Diagnosis and management of isolated angiitis of the central nervous system. Neurology 39(2 Pt 1):167173.
  • Panda, K. M., V. Santosh, T. C. Yasha, S. Das, and S. K. Shankar. 2000. Primary angiitis of CNS: neuropathological study of three autopsied cases with brief review of literature. Neurol. India 48(2):149154.
  • Salvarani, C., R. D. Brown, Jr., K. T. Calamia, T. J. Christianson, S. D. Weigand, D. V. Miller, et al. 2007. Primary central nervous system vasculitis: analysis of 101 patients. Ann. Neurol. 62(5):442451.
  • Scolding, N. J. 2009. Central nervous system vasculitis. Semin. Immunopathol. 31(4):527536.
  • Sehgal, M., J. W. Swanson, R. A. DeRemee, and T. V. Colby. 1995. Neurologic manifestations of Churg-Strauss syndrome. Mayo Clin. Proc. 70(4):337341.
  • Sevinc, A., H. C. Hasanoglu, M. Gokirmak, Z. Yildirim, T. Baysal, and B. Mizrak. 2004. Allergic granulomatosis and angiitis in the absence of asthma and blood eosinophilia: a rare presentation of limited Churg-Strauss syndrome. Rheumatol. Int. 24(5):301304.
  • Sharma, B. K., M. K. Daga, and M. Sharma. 2004. A limited form of Churg-Strauss syndrome presenting without asthma and eosinophilia. Med. J. Aust. 181(9):498499.
  • Sheikh, J., and P. F. Weller. 2007. Clinical overview of hypereosinophilic syndromes. Immunol. Allergy Clin. North Am. 27(3):333355.
  • Sheikh, J., and P. F. Weller. 2009. Advances in diagnosis and treatment of eosinophilia. Curr. Opin. Hematol. 16(1):38.
  • Sommerville, R. B., J. M. Noble, J. P. Vonsattel, R. Delapaz, and C. B. Wright. 2007. Eosinophilic vasculitis in an isolated central nervous system distribution. J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatry 78(1):8588.
  • Taira, K., R. Tsunoda, T. Watanabe, A. Fujino, A. Ogyu, and K. Ashikawa. 2005. An autopsy case of isolated eosinophilic coronary periarteritis: a limited form of Churg-Strauss syndrome or a new entity? Intern. Med. 44(6):586589.
  • Vollmer, T. L., J. Guarnaccia, W. Harrington, S. V. Pacia, and O. A. Petroff. 1993. Idiopathic granulomatous angiitis of the central nervous system. Diagnostic challenges. Arch. Neurol. 50(9):925930.