Genetic association of the Phosphoinositide-3 kinase in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder and interaction with a BDNF gene polymorphism

Authors

  • Anthony Carrard,

    1. Department of Psychiatry, University of Geneva, 2 ch Petit Bel-Air, CH-1225 Chêne-Bourg, Geneva, Switzerland
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  • Annick Salzmann,

    1. Department of Psychiatry, University of Geneva, 2 ch Petit Bel-Air, CH-1225 Chêne-Bourg, Geneva, Switzerland
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  • Nader Perroud,

    1. Department of Medical Genetics and Laboratory, Geneva University Hospitals, 2 ch Petit Bel-Air, CH-1225 Chêne-Bourg, Geneva, Switzerland
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  • Jérémie Gafner,

    1. Department of Psychiatry, University of Geneva, 2 ch Petit Bel-Air, CH-1225 Chêne-Bourg, Geneva, Switzerland
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  • Alain Malafosse,

    1. Department of Psychiatry, University of Geneva, 2 ch Petit Bel-Air, CH-1225 Chêne-Bourg, Geneva, Switzerland
    2. Department of Medical Genetics and Laboratory, Geneva University Hospitals, 2 ch Petit Bel-Air, CH-1225 Chêne-Bourg, Geneva, Switzerland
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  • Félicien Karege

    1. Department of Psychiatry, University of Geneva, 2 ch Petit Bel-Air, CH-1225 Chêne-Bourg, Geneva, Switzerland
    2. Department of Medical Genetics and Laboratory, Geneva University Hospitals, 2 ch Petit Bel-Air, CH-1225 Chêne-Bourg, Geneva, Switzerland
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  • Funded by the Swiss National Fund for Scientific Research, grant no. 31-120471.

Félicien Karege, Tel: +41223055314; Fax: +41223055309; E-mail: felicien.karege@unige.ch

Abstract

Phosphoinositide-3-kinase, class III (PIK3C3) is a member of the phosphoinosite-3-kinases family, involved in cell signaling, membrane trafficking, and neurodevelopment. Previous studies have indeed shown an association between PIK3C3 gene variants and both bipolar disorder (BD) and schizophrenia (SZ). Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is a neurodevelopmental factor, which can regulate the PI3K signaling pathway. Associations have been reported between BDNF gene polymorphisms and affective and psychotic disorders. The aim of the present study was to replicate an association between PIK3C3 and BDNF gene variants in SZ and BD and a putative epistasis between the two genes. Patients meeting the DSM-IV criteria of BD and SZ were included in this study (98 BD and 79 SZ) as well as 158 healthy controls. Blood DNA was extracted and genotyping was performed either by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique followed by enzymatic digestion or by the high-resolution melt (HRM) method. Genotype and haplotype association was assessed with the UNPHASED statistical program.The results showed one nominal association with BD (P < 0.02) and two risk haplotypes in both SZ (P < 0.001) and BP (P < 0.0005), which survived multiple testing correction. A modest interaction between a BDNF variant and PI3KC3 polymorphism was observed (P < 0.04).These preliminary results confirm the genetic association of PI3K gene variants with both SZ and BD, and support the hypothesis that SZ and BD share a genetic background.

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