Human behavior in a strictly determined 3 × 3 matrix game


  • Bernhardt Lieberman

    1. Harvard University
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    • This study was done during my tenure as a Public Health Service Postdoctoral Research Fellow of the National Institute of Mental Health.

    • I wish to thank Professor R. Duncan Luce for his substantive contributions to this study. Discussions with Professor Frederick Mosteller helped to clarify my ideas.


How do intelligent individuals actually behave in the conflicts of games of strategy? Do they behave as the game theory models require? Here is an experiment which attempts to relate observed behavior in a game situation with what the theory of games says about such behavior. Such experimental work is another step toward the construction of adequate descriptive theories of conflict behavior.