A proposed framework for the analysis of stress in the human organism

Authors

  • Alan Howard,

    1. University of Hawaii and Russell Sage Foundation
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  • Robert A. Scott

    1. University of Hawaii and Russell Sage Foundation
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    • The authors wish to acknowledge the Human Ecology Fund for a supporting grant which made their collaboration possible. In addition, the authors wish to thank David Mechanic, Edmund Volkart, and Leonard S. Cottrell, Jr. for their valuable suggestions and criticisms of the ideas in this paper.


Abstract

Stress, the bugaboo of modern life, comes from many different sources and affects us all in one way or another. Viewing human functioning as a problem-solving phenomenon, stress is here explained in terms of tension that results from the organism's inability to master presenting problems and its consequent need to devote excess energy and resources to maintenance activities. This encompassing theoretical scheme proposes to reduce the conceptual barriers between various biochemical, physical, psychological, and sociocultural models of stress.

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