Environmental management systems and green supply chain management: complements for sustainability?

Authors

  • Nicole Darnall,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Environmental Science and Policy, George Mason University, USA
    • Department of Environmental Science and Policy, George Mason University, 4400 University Drive, MSN 5F2, Fairfax, VA 22030, USA
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  • G. Jason Jolley,

    1. Center for Competitive Economies, The Frank Hawkins Kenan Institute of Private Enterprise, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA
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  • Robert Handfield

    1. Department of Business Management, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, USA
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Abstract

Some researchers question the legitimacy of EMSs since organizations can claim to have one when in fact they make no attempt to reduce their environmental harm. In instances where EMSs enhance an organization's environmental performance, critics argue that improvements are likely to occur within the organization's operational boundaries rather than being extended throughout the supply chain. However, previous research suggests that the organizational capabilities required to adopt an EMS may facilitate GSCM implementation and the institutional pressures to adopt both management practices are similar. Consequently, EMS adopters may have a greater propensity to expand their focus beyond their organizational boundaries and utilize GSCM practices to minimize system-wide environmental impacts. This research illuminates the debate by empirically evaluating the relationship between EMS and GSCM practices. Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd and ERP Environment.

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