Special Issue Article
Intelligent Diagnosing of Intellectual Disabilities in Offenders: Food for Thought
Article first published online: 13 JAN 2012
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Behavioral Sciences & the Law
Special Issue: Research in Criminal Justice Settings: Ethical, Legal, and Methodological Issues, Part 2
Volume 30, Issue 1, pages 28–48, January/February 2012
How to Cite
Uzieblo, K., Winter, J., Vanderfaeillie, J., Rossi, G. and Magez, W. (2012), Intelligent Diagnosing of Intellectual Disabilities in Offenders: Food for Thought. Behav. Sci. Law, 30: 28–48. doi: 10.1002/bsl.1990
- Issue published online: 1 FEB 2012
- Article first published online: 13 JAN 2012
Research on offenders with intellectual disabilities (IDs) in the criminal justice arena is on the rise, reflected by a growing number of relevant publications each year. However, there is a long recognized methodological problem that hampers the comparability of empirical studies and that raises doubts about the accuracy of prevalence rates, comorbidities, and various correlates and characteristics. In this paper we will argue that the crux of the problem can, on the one hand, be found in the plurality of assessment methods for intelligence and adaptive functioning, which are not all sufficiently reliable and valid. On the other hand, assessment of IQ in criminal justice and mental health-related areas appears to be informed more by practical aspects and needs rather than grounded in a solid theoretical model. Hence, we suggest that the Cattell–Horn–Carroll (CHC) model of intelligence has potential value in this regard, and deserves a closer look. Finally, we will discuss its incorporation into, and possible implications for, criminal justice practice and future study designs. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.