Texas Christian University.
Special Issue Article
Asociality and Engagement in Adult Offenders in Substance Abuse Treatment
Article first published online: 12 JUL 2012
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Behavioral Sciences & the Law
Special Issue: Integrating Risk Assessment and Treatment
Volume 30, Issue 4, pages 371–383, July/August 2012
How to Cite
Pankow, J. and Knight, K. (2012), Asociality and Engagement in Adult Offenders in Substance Abuse Treatment. Behav. Sci. Law, 30: 371–383. doi: 10.1002/bsl.2020
- Issue published online: 3 AUG 2012
- Article first published online: 12 JUL 2012
- National Institute on Drug Abuse. Grant Number: 5 U01 DA016190
In therapeutic community models for drug treatment, individual recovery is principally structured around group meetings and positive peer influences. Research shows that asocial group members with resistant behaviors and attitudes are at risk for poor treatment outcomes and have the potential to adversely impact the therapeutic group. To gain a better understanding of the asocial client's role in the larger treatment process, in-prison treatment data were used: (1) to model and confirm a two-factor solution of asociality consistent with the literature, and (2) to examine the relationship between asocial clients and treatment engagement for validation of the two-factor model. Exploratory analysis resulted in a three-factor solution representing behavioral responsivity, cognitive distortion, and social disassociation dimensions. Nested ANOVA (i.e., clients nested within prison programs) demonstrated that asocial levels (low, medium, and high risk) predicted treatment engagement. Furthermore, comparisons among asocial risk levels indicated that high asocial clients reported significantly lower engagement levels when compared with low and medium asocial clients. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.