A United States Forensic Sample for the Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scales
Article first published online: 23 SEP 2012
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Behavioral Sciences & the Law
Volume 30, Issue 6, pages 749–763, November/December 2012
How to Cite
Frumkin, I. B., Lally, S. J. and Sexton, J. E. (2012), A United States Forensic Sample for the Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scales. Behav. Sci. Law, 30: 749–763. doi: 10.1002/bsl.2032
- Issue published online: 4 DEC 2012
- Article first published online: 23 SEP 2012
The Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scales (GSS) is a valuable test to use as part of a comprehensive assessment of psychological and interrogative factors relevant to a defendant's vulnerability to giving a false or involuntary confession. One limitation of the test is that the manual only provides information for samples from Iceland and Great Britain. This report describes the results of 334 individuals in the United States, who were administered the tests as part of an evaluation to assess confession-related issues in a forensic context (i.e., capacity to waive Miranda rights or vulnerability in providing a false or involuntary confession). This forensic sample includes both juveniles and adults. Results are consistent with Gudjonsson's British and Icelandic samples, in which the Yield 1 score is more affected by intellectual and cognitive variables, but Shift and, to a lesser extent, Yield 2 scores are more related to emotional and personality characteristics. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.