Special Issue Article
Preventive Detention in Germany: An Overview and Empirical Data from Two Federal States
Version of Record online: 14 MAY 2013
Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Behavioral Sciences & the Law
Special Issue: International Perspectives on Preventive Detention
Volume 31, Issue 3, pages 344–358, May/June 2013
How to Cite
Basdekis-Jozsa, R., Mokros, A., Vohs, K., Briken, P. and Habermeyer, E. (2013), Preventive Detention in Germany: An Overview and Empirical Data from Two Federal States. Behav. Sci. Law, 31: 344–358. doi: 10.1002/bsl.2058
- Issue online: 4 JUN 2013
- Version of Record online: 14 MAY 2013
Eighty years ago, preventive detention for dangerous offenders was implemented in the German Penal Code (Section 66). In 2011, about 500 individuals were incarcerated under a preventive detention order in Germany. Through semi-structured clinical interviews and/or collateral file review, the present investigators assessed the sociobiographic, criminological, and clinical characteristics of 58 men for whom preventive detention had been ordered in two German federal states. In addition, risk assessment instruments were administered. The majority of the inmates were sexual offenders. The main mental health problems were antisocial personality disorder (APD), substance abuse/disorder, and paraphilias. Most individuals had a history of poor socialization. Structured clinical judgment as well as actuarial risk assessment instruments identified all inmates as high-risk offenders. Future development of preventive detention in Germany must emphasize treatment interventions. Given the life histories and the mental health problems of the detainees assessed in the present study, the implementation of effective treatment will prove difficult. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.