Special Issue Article
Adult Eyewitness Memory and Compliance: Effects of Post-event Misinformation on Memory for a Negative Event
Version of Record online: 11 SEP 2013
Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Behavioral Sciences & the Law
Special Issue: Memory Formation and Suggestibility in the Legal Process
Volume 31, Issue 5, pages 541–558, September/October 2013
How to Cite
Paz-Alonso, P. M., Goodman, G. S. and Ibabe, I. (2013), Adult Eyewitness Memory and Compliance: Effects of Post-event Misinformation on Memory for a Negative Event. Behav. Sci. Law, 31: 541–558. doi: 10.1002/bsl.2081
- Issue online: 9 OCT 2013
- Version of Record online: 11 SEP 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 30 JUN 2013
- Manuscript Received: 10 DEC 2012
- Manuscript Revised: 23 JUN 2012
This study investigated effects of misleading post-event information, delay, and centrality definition on eyewitness memory and suggestibility for a negative event (a vividly filmed murder). Either immediately or 2 weeks after viewing the film, 93 adults read a (misleading or control) narrative about the event and then completed a recognition memory test. Misinformation acceptance was operative, but strong evidence for memory malleability was lacking. Compliance predicted misinformation effects, especially on the delayed test. Although accuracy was generally higher for central than peripheral information, centrality criteria influenced the pattern of results. Self-report of greater distress was associated with better recognition accuracy. The results suggest that use of different centrality definitions may partly explain inconsistencies across studies of memory and suggestibility for central and peripheral information. Moreover, social factors appeared, at least in part, to influence misinformation effects for the highly negative event, especially as memory faded. Implications for eyewitness memory and suggestibility are discussed. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.