Center for the Integration of Research & Practice (CIRP), National Development & Research Institutes, Inc. (NDRI), New York.
Performance of the CJDATS Co-Occurring Disorders Screening Instruments (CODSIs) among Minority Offenders
Article first published online: 5 AUG 2008
Copyright © 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Behavioral Sciences & the Law
Special Issue: Studies of Co-Occurring Disorders in the Criminal Justice System
Volume 26, Issue 4, pages 351–368, July/August 2008
How to Cite
Duncan, A., Sacks, S., Melnick, G., Cleland, C. M., Pearson, F. S. and Coen, C. (2008), Performance of the CJDATS Co-Occurring Disorders Screening Instruments (CODSIs) among Minority Offenders. Behav. Sci. Law, 26: 351–368. doi: 10.1002/bsl.822
- Issue published online: 5 AUG 2008
- Article first published online: 5 AUG 2008
- National Institutes on Drug Abuse (NIDA). Grant Number: 5 U01 DA016200-S1
Previous research has shown the performance of the CJDATS Co-Occurring Disorders Screening Instruments (CODSI-MD and SMD)—six- and three-item instruments to screen for any mental disorder (CODSI-MD) and for severe mental disorders (CODSI-SMD), respectively—to be comparable or superior to other, longer instruments. This study tested the stability of the performance of the CODSI-MD and SMD across three racial/ethnic groups of offenders entering prison substance abuse treatment programs (n = 353), consisting of 96 African American, 120 Latino, and 137 White admissions. The Structured Clinical Interview (SCID) was used to obtain DSM-IV Axis I and II diagnoses; a lifetime SCID diagnosis of a mental disorder or a severe mental disorder was the criterion against which the CODSI-MD and SMD were validated. Results showed no statistical differences in sensitivity or specificity for either the CODSI-MD or SMD across the African American, Latino, and White prisoner groups. The value of the CODSI-MD and SMD as brief screens for mental disorders among offenders with diverse racial/ethnic backgrounds is discussed. Copyright © 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.