Eliminating the six N-terminal amino acids of the caspase 3 large subunit improved production of a biologically active IL2-Caspase3 chimeric protein

Authors

  • Yitav Glantz,

    1. Dept. of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, IMRIC, Hebrew University-Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem 91120, Israel
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Ofra Sabag,

    1. Dept. of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, IMRIC, Hebrew University-Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem 91120, Israel
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Michal Lichtenstein,

    1. Dept. of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, IMRIC, Hebrew University-Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem 91120, Israel
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Inna Grodzovski,

    1. Dept. of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, IMRIC, Hebrew University-Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem 91120, Israel
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Haya Lorberboum-Galski

    Corresponding author
    1. Dept. of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, IMRIC, Hebrew University-Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem 91120, Israel
    • Dept. of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, IMRIC, Hebrew University-Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem 91120, Israel
    Search for more papers by this author

Abstract

Designing a chimeric protein and developing a procedure for its stable production as a biologically active protein, are key steps in its potential application to clinical trails. IL2-Caspase3 chimeric protein designed to target activated T lymphocytes was found to be a promising molecule for targeted treatment, however was found to be difficult to produce as a biological active molecule. Thus, we designed a new version of the molecule, IL2-Caspase3s, in which six amino acids (aa 29–34) from the N-terminus of the large subunit of caspase 3 were excluded. Repeated expressions, productions, and partial purifications of the IL2-Caspase3s yielded reproducible batches with consistent results. We found that IL2-Caspase3s causes cell death in a specific, dose-, and time-dependent manner. Cell death due to IL2-Caspase3s is caused by apoptosis. This improved and biologically stable IL2-Caspase3s chimeric protein may be developed in the future for clinical trails as a promising therapy for several pathologies involving activated T-cells. Moreover, this truncated caspase 3 sequence, lacking the N-terminal six amino acids of its large subunit, may be used in other caspase 3-based chimeric proteins targeted against various human diseases, using the appropriate targeting moiety. © 2012 American Institute of Chemical Engineers Biotechnol. Prog., 2012

Ancillary