A combinatorial approach for directing the amount of fibronectin fibrils assembled by cells that uses surfaces derivatized with mixtures of fibronectin and cell binding domains

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Abstract

Fibrillar fibronectin (FN) has the crucial role of attracting and attaching cells as well as molecules that mediate tissue repair during wound healing. A previous study demonstrated higher extracellular staining of FN fibrils in cells cultured on surfaces tethered with an equimolar mixture of a FN binding domain and FN's cell binding domain, III1-2 and III9-10 respectively, than on surfaces with III9-10 alone. The effect of varying surface amounts of III1-2 and III9-10 on the quantity of FN fibrils formed by NIH-3T3 fibroblasts was examined. GST tagged III1-2 and III9-10 were conjugated to polyurethane surfaces and ELISAs were used to identify the experimental design space or the range of concentrations of GST-III1-2 and GST-III9-10 that demarcated the limits of protein loading on the surface. When GST-III1-2 was fixed and GST-III9-10 varied within the design space, the amount of FN fibrils measured by immunoblotting detergent insoluble cell lysates was dependent on the ratio of III9-10 to III1-2. When the total protein concentration was fixed and the mixture composition of GST-III1-2 and GST-III9-10 varied such that it optimally covered the design space, a parabolic relationship between FN fibril amount and the ratio of III9-10 to III1-2 was obtained. This relationship had a maximum value when the surface was bonded to equal amounts of III1-2 and III9-10 (P < 0.05). Thus the ratio of III9-10 to III1-2 can be utilized to direct the quantity of FN fibrils formed on surfaces. © 2012 American Institute of Chemical Engineers Biotechnol. Prog., 2012

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