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Keywords:

  • ethanol;
  • liquefaction;
  • simultaneous saccharification and fermentation;
  • Indian sorghum;
  • acid fungal protease;
  • fermentable sugars;
  • urea

This study evaluated the conventional jet cooking liquefaction process followed by simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) at 30% and 35% dry solids (DS) concentration of Indian sorghum feedstock for ethanol production, with addition of acid fungal protease or urea. To evaluate the efficacy of thermostable α-amylase in liquefaction at 30% and 35% DS concentration of Indian sorghum, liquefact solubility, higher dextrins, and fermentable sugars were analyzed at the end of the process. The liquefact was further subjected to SSF using yeast. In comparison with urea, addition of an acid fungal protease during SSF process was observed to accelerate yeast growth (μ), substrate consumption (Qs), ultimately ethanol yield based on substrate (Yp/s) and ethanol productivity based on fermentation time (Qp). The fermentation efficiency and ethanol recovery were determined for both concentrations of Indian sorghum and found to be increased with use of acid fungal protease in SSF process. © 2013 American Institute of Chemical Engineers Biotechnol. Prog., 29: 329–336, 2013