MALDI-TOF characterization of hGH1 produced by hairy root cultures of Brassica oleracea var. italica grown in an airlift with mesh bioreactor

Authors

  • Edgar García López,

    1. Biotecnología y Bioingeniería, Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politécnico Nacional, México Distrito Federal, CP
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  • Emma Gloria Ramos Ramírez,

    1. Biotecnología y Bioingeniería, Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politécnico Nacional, México Distrito Federal, CP
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  • Octavio Gómez Gúzman,

    1. Biotecnología y Bioingeniería, Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politécnico Nacional, México Distrito Federal, CP
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  • Graciano Calva Calva,

    Corresponding author
    1. Biotecnología y Bioingeniería, Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politécnico Nacional, México Distrito Federal, CP
    • Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to G. C. Calva at gcalva@cinvestav.mx.

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  • Armando Ariza-Castolo,

    1. Química, Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politécnico Nacional, México Distrito Federal, CP
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  • Josefina Pérez-Vargas,

    1. Tecnológico de Estudios Superiores de Ecatepec, Div. Ingeniería Bioquímica, Posgrado en Ingeniería Bioquímica, Estado de México, CP
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  • Herminia Guadalupe Martínez Rodríguez

    1. Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, México, CP
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Abstract

Expression systems based on plant cells, tissue, and organ cultures have been investigated as an alternative for production of human therapeutic proteins in bioreactors. In this work, hairy root cultures of Brassica oleracea var. italica (broccoli) were established in an airlift with mesh bioreactor to produce isoform 1 of the human growth hormone (hGH1) as a model therapeutic protein. The hGH1 cDNA was cloned into the pCAMBIA1105.1 binary vector to induce hairy roots in hypocotyls of broccoli plantlets via Agrobacterium rhizogenes. Most of the infected plantlets (90%) developed hairy roots when inoculated before the appearance of true leaves, and keeping the emerging roots attached to hypocotyl explants during transfer to solid Schenk and Hildebrandt medium. The incorporation of the cDNA into the hairy root genome was confirmed by PCR amplification from genomic DNA. The expression and structure of the transgenic hGH1 was assessed by ELISA, western blot, and MALDITOF-MS analysis of the purified protein extracted from the biomass of hairy roots cultivated in bioreactor for 24 days. Production of hGH1 was 5.1 ± 0.42 µg/g dry weight (DW) for flask cultures, and 7.8 ± 0.3 µg/g DW for bioreactor, with productivity of 0.68 ± 0.05 and 1.5 ± 0.06 µg/g DW*days, respectively, indicating that the production of hGH1 was not affected by the growth rate, but might be affected by the culture system. These results demonstrate that hairy root cultures of broccoli have potential as an alternative expression system for production of hGH1, and might also be useful for production of other therapeutic proteins. © 2013 American Institute of Chemical Engineers Biotechnol. Prog., 30:161–171, 2014

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