• high-density cell culture;
  • MDCK;
  • microcarrier;
  • influenza;
  • vaccine


Influenza virus A/PR/8/34 virus propagation in adherent Madin–Darby canine kidney cells in high-density microcarrier cultures is described. To improve virus yields, perfusion and repeated fed-batch modes were applied using cell-specific feed rates. Cell densities up to 1.1 × 107 cells/mL were achieved. Cell-specific virus yields in high-density cultures were at similar levels compared with standard, low-density cultivations. In the average 2,400 and 3,300 virions per cell were obtained for two variants of the virus strain A/PR/8/34, PR8-National Institute for Biological Standards and Control (NIBSC) and PR8-Robert Koch Institute, respectively. Maximum virus titer (HA activity = 1,778 HAU/100 μL) for virus variant PR8-NIBSC was obtained for a cultivation infected before maximum cell concentration was reached. © 2011 American Institute of Chemical Engineers Biotechnol. Prog., 2011